Cairo which means the triumphant or the victorious city is the capital of Egypt and is considered the seventh most populous country in the world with a population of 17 million people. Cairo is located on the banks and islands of the Nile River 15 km southern the area where the Nile divides into its two streams Damietta and Rosetta. Eastern Cairo is divided into two parts one modern part which has a European style built by Ismail Pasha known as Misr Al Gadida or Heliopolis with the wide boulevards, open spaces and public gardens. The older part of eastern Cairo is very different with small lanes and crowded tenements. Western Cairo is dominated by government buildings and modern architecture. There are many bridges across the Nile River that link Cairo with its suburbs Imbaba and Giza. The three pyramids of Cheops, Chephern and Mykeronis which are the only remaining wonders of ancient world are located in the Giza district. Cairo is also called the ‘City of 1,000 Minarets’ where its skyline is filled with domes and minarets that casts a magical spell on the metropolis. Cairo’s heritage of the dozens of mosques, Coptic churches and museums in addition to its winding streets that fascinates a tourist to explore makes tourism a key source of income in the city. Cairo is a center trade and growing industries, The climate in Cairo is warm and dry all through the year which made it the primary tourist destination for most tourists. The Temperature in summer can reach 38 degrees Celsius. It is best to visit Cairo September and June, rain happens occasionally in January and February, while in March and April a strong, hot dry wind blowing from the desert periodically occur.
Map of Cairo